An assessment of the South African trade in African Lion Panthera leo bones and other body parts. Report by y TRAFFIC International and WildCRU. In the 1990s, images of Tigers Panthera tigris on some manufactured Chinese medicines were replaced with Lions Panthera leo, leading to suspicions that parts from Tigers were being substituted with Lions. In 2005, evidence emerged that African Lion bones were indeed being substituted for Tiger in “bone strengthening wine”, thus confirming the presence of Lion derivatives in “tiger” products. “Anger over lion bones sales” was the first South African newspaper headline in December 2009 publicly to proclaim the existence of a legal trade in African Lion bones to supply the substitute “tiger bone” market in East–Southeast Asia.
Bones of Contention Report 2015