Bones of Contention – A Report by TRAFFIC International and WildCRU
Bones of Contention is an assessment of the South African trade in African Lion bones and other body parts.
In the 1990s, images of Tigers Panthera tigris on some manufactured Chinese medicines were replaced with Lions Panthera leo. This lead to suspicions that parts from Tigers were being substituted with Lions. In 2005, evidence emerged that African Lion bones were indeed being substituted for Tiger in “bone strengthening wine”. The presence of Lion derivatives in “tiger” products was confirmed.
“Anger over lion bones sales” was the first South African newspaper headline in December 2009. It is important to realize the proclaiming the existence of a legal trade in African Lion bones to supply the substitute “tiger bone” market in East-Southeast Asia.